There are many different kinds of facelifts available, depending on the patient’s aesthetic goals. Facelifts are used to combat the signs of ageing on the face and neck. These signs include a loss of skin tone in the lower face and neck, deep wrinkles below the eyes or from the nose to the corners of the mouth, and sagging in the middle of the face. Aging in the face is caused by a combination of heredity, environmental factors, stress and gravity. A facelift can do wonders in taking years off of your face, but it cannot change the fundamental structure and appearance of your face, or stop the natural ageing process. If necessary, a facelift can be combined with other facial procedures like a brow lift or eyelid surgery. In short, though, there are five basic different types of facelifts to choose from.
The first facelift that you can choose from is the most extreme. A deep plane facelift is used when the facial muscles lose their tone and start to sag, and as a result, fatty deposits develop in the jowl and under the eyes. This sagging also causes the facial skin to lose elasticity and stretch. During a deep plane facelift, the sagging facial muscles are tightened and the unnecessary fat pads are removed so that the skin can be re-draped and sutured for a natural looking result.
Another type of facelift
A SMAS facelift is the second of the five facelifts offered. While not the most intense of the facelifts, it is still one of the more invasive options. A SMAS facelift targets the superficial muscular system, consisting of the suspensory ligaments that encase cheek fat, to re-suspend the area. This is a great option as it combats all the signs of ageing.
Next on the list of five facelifts is a mid facelift. This option is used for those whose necks still appear young, as it targets the area between the cheeks. The procedure improves the appearance of lines from the nose to mouth as during the operation the fatty tissue is lifted and repositioned over the cheekbones. This is a very popular choice because it has a very short recovery time and leaves minimal scarring.
The penultimate option is a mini facelift. The least invasive of the facelifts, this option is used for patients experiencing premature ageing. A mini facelift does not include a neck lift. As such, this is a good option to correct smile lines, and other sagging facial structures if the patient still has a firm neck. It is important to keep in mind though that this is not a permanent solution, as during the procedure only the soft tissue and skin is repositioned and secured.
Finally, the last of the five facelifts is a skin-only facelift. This is a semi-permanent option and the skin will re-sag after about six months to a year after surgery. This procedure is almost never performed on older patients and is only performed in very particular instances. The results of this procedure are semi-permanent because only the facial skin is lifted.
Regardless of your aesthetic goals, there is an option for everyone where facelifts are concerned. Your plastic surgeon will recommend the best options for your case at your consultation and help you to make an informed decision.